From gunfire to green spaces, how Milwaukee youth see their city | Journal Sentinel - haredala.ml
An estimated 3 million American children are exposed to shootings per year. Witnessing shootings — whether in their schools, their communities or their homes— can have a devastating impact.
Children exposed to violence, crime, and abuse are more likely to abuse drugs and alcohol ; suffer from depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder ; fail or have difficulties in school; and engage in criminal activity. Everytown tracks every time a firearm discharges a live round inside or into a school building or on or onto a school campus or grounds, as documented by the press. Incidents in which guns were brought into schools but not discharged are not included. The map reflects incidents that resulted in death or injury — as well as those in which no one was injured.
Media reports are the primary source of the information provided. State All. February 11, Everytown for Gun Safety started tracking incidents of gunfire on school grounds in to gain a better understanding of how often children and teens are affected by gun violence at their schools and colleges, and in response to a lack of research and data on the issue. Table of Incidents All State All. Martin Luther King Jr. Day for night is a set of cinematic techniques used to simulate a night scene while filming in daylight.
It is often employed when it is too difficult or expensive to actually shoot during nighttime. Because both film stocks and digital image sensors lack the sensitivity of the human eye in low light conditions, night scenes recorded in natural light, with or without moonlight, may be underexposed to the point where little or nothing is visible.
- The Intimate Merton: His Life from His Journals!
- Live From Iraq - 4th25 (letra da música) - Cifra Club!
- Cat Cartoon-A-Day 2014 Calendar: A Year of Fur-bulous Feline Funnies.
When shooting day for night, the scene is typically underexposed in-camera or darkened during post-production , with a blue tint added. Additional effects are often used to heighten the impression of night. As film stocks and video cameras have improved in light sensitivity, shooting day for night has become less common in recent years. During the silent era of film, release prints were often tinted blue during night scenes to enhance the illusion.
Although moonlight is not actually blue, it appears bluish to the human eye due to the Purkinje effect.
With digital post production now nearly universal, the color temperature adjustment is usually made in camera, to preserve the "white" artificial lights, but scene darkening is left to post production for finer control of the effect. Underexposing the shot can add to the illusion of darkness or moonlight.
It is typical to underexpose by about two f-stops. Daytime sky can be darkened to simulate night. With black and white film, a red lens filter will turn a blue sky black. Infrared film is occasionally used for long shots, but it renders green foliage as white. Yellow or orange filters Wratten 8 or 15 can be substituted for closer shots, to preserve the performers' flesh tones.
With color film or video, a graduated neutral density filter can achieve a similar effect, as can a polarizing filter.
All 167 Pink Floyd Songs Ranked Worst to Best
Using either of these filters can limit camera movement during a shot, as the axis of a graduated filter must match the horizon, and the effect of the polarizing filter changes as the axis of the camera lens moves relative to the sun. Partially filling shadows with reflectors or a K daylight-balanced key light can compensate for this. With digital post-production techniques it is also common to add or intensify glare and light scattering from light sources that would otherwise be less pronounced in daylight, such as windows revealing indoor lighting, outdoor artificial lights, car headlights, and so on.
Day for night techniques can be made more convincing through such digital effects.